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Skin: no more spots!

Macchie della pelle

Il melasma è un disturbo estetico della pelle piuttosto comune che interessa quasi esclusivamente le donne e si caratterizza per la comparsa sul viso di macchie di colore scuro, sulle tonalità del marrone. Le macchie sono il risultato di una sovrapproduzione di melanina.

02 October 2019

Reading time: 2 min

Melasma tends to appear mainly on the cheeks, upper lip, nose, forehead. Why the spots appear is not clear it’s probably due to hormonal causes, and this would also explain the frequency of melasma in pregnant women. This disorder is in fact also known as the “pregnancy mask”. Other factors also play an important role including: genetic predisposition, stress and the use of photosensitizing drugs, or the birth control pill.

These spots are due to the excessive production of melanin. It’s the pigment which protects the skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun, in addition to giving your skin a typical tan color. This is why the spots darken with the stimulation from the sun’s rays.

Melasma treatments:

  • Lightening agents: substances that reduce the accumulation of melanin. These include vitamin C, azelaic acid, arbutin (obtained from grapes and other plants) and licorice root extract. These agents are often associated with an exfoliation with some acids that can carry away the dark cells in which melanin has accumulated. Usually glycolic acid or mandelic acid is used, and the latter appears particularly effective. More than exfoliation, we talk about peeling because these acids take away numerous layers of the epidermis. The strategy is not entirely free from side effects if poorly executed. These acids destroy the upper part of the skin, where melanin with its unpleasant black color accumulates. But, at the same time, they deprive the skin of its natural defense against ultraviolet rays. Precisely for this reason it’s absolutely necessary not to apply these substances in the summer. Never expose yourself to the sun during these treatments.

  • Pulsed Light and Q-Switched: both technologies are based on the principle of selective photothermolysis. The laser hits the spot in order to spare the surrounding tissues and destroys the melanic pigment without leaving scars on the affected area. The Pulsed Light (IPL) and the Q-Switched laser emit high energy pulses and are able to remove the melanin granules in one or more sessions. Immediately after treatment, the lesion darkens to black and tends to gradually disappear.

  • Fraxel Laser: the Fraxel system, according to a study by Harvard Medical School, works as an “elevator that transports the pigment residing in the basal layer to the surface of the skin from where it is then expelled”. The treatment develops microthermal columns (MTZ) with depths that can be selected by the operator, acting on a fraction of the tissues equal to about 20% of the surface at a time (hence the name of the “fractional” laser treatment). The advantage of the Fraxel laser consists in not acting directly on the pigment – avoiding numerous side effects and allowing us to even treat patients with a dark phototype. The Fraxel laser has long since obtained FDA approval for the treatment of melasma.

Here we can see the results obtained with the Fraxel laser:

At the SOTHERGA clinic, it’s possible to treat melasma with all the methods mentioned above. During the pre-treatment visit, the doctor will decide the most suitable treatment for your skin.

Our treatments

Dermamelan

It is a special type of chemical peeling that uses the synergistic action of 5 depigmenting agents, kojic acid, phytic acid, vitamin C, retinol and factor K, to give skin a more youthful appearance.

PRX

PRX chemical peeling is a treatment that exfoliates the skin using a mix of chemical agents, selected for their ability to stimulate cell turnover.

Hydrafacial

Hydrafacial is the latest-generation hydrodermabrasion device: a deep medical cleansing of the skin without squeezing, minimising trauma to the skin and leaving it clean and radiant.

Q-Switched

The Q-Switched Blue Core laser is a state-of-the-art laser that is effective against all skin spots caused by melanin imbalance. The Q-Switched laser emits high-energy pulses that fragment the surface cells containing melanin without affecting the unaffected areas.

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Today the sun is shining in Milan. Discover our skincare tips.

Today the sun is shining in Milan. Discover our skincare tips.

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

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Today the sky is sad and gray over Milan. Find your joy by giving your skin some extra pampering!

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Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

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Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

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Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

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Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today it’s really hot in Milan. Find out how to properly moisturize your skin.

Today it’s really cold in Milan. Find out how to protect your skin and prevent redness.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today the sky is clear over Milan. Remember to clean your skin thoroughly as well.

Today the sky is clear over Milan. Remember to clean your skin thoroughly as well.

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

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Today the sun is shining in Milan. Discover our skincare tips.

Today the sun is shining in Milan. Discover our skincare tips.

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today the sky is sad and gray over Milan. Find your joy by giving your skin some extra pampering!

Today the sky is sad and gray over Milan. Find your joy by giving your skin some extra pampering!

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today the temperatures are really low in Milan. Discover how to protect your skin from the intense cold!

Today it’s really hot in Milan. Find out how to properly moisturize your skin.

Today it’s really cold in Milan. Find out how to protect your skin and prevent redness.

Today is windy in Milan. Discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today the sky is clear over Milan. Remember to clean your skin thoroughly as well.

Today the sky is clear over Milan. Remember to clean your skin thoroughly as well.

Today the sky in Milan is fluctuating between sunshine and clouds. Your skin protection, on the other hand, should be consistent!

Today is cloudy in Milan, but UV rays are always lurking: discover our tips to protect your skin.

Today sudden showers might surprise you in Milan! Remember that your skin needs hydration even on days like these!

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.

Today it’s raining in Milan. Discover our tips to hydrate your skin.